Cataracts (Cataracts Correction Surgery) – Salt Lake City, Lehi, Utah

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About Cataracts

The human lens is truly a marvel of nature. Despite its small size, it accomplishes so much. These lenses are not visible because they reside behind the iris (the colored part of the eye). They are made up of long cells that are arranged in a perfect curvilinear pattern, which permits light to pass through. Beyond the perfect alignment of cells, the lens is pliable, which allows it to flex and bend. This movement allows our eyes to autofocus (accommodation), so we can see things near and far. The normal human lens can function perfectly for decades despite daily use. Eventually, however, this marvel of nature starts to break down. The autofocus stops working, resulting in the need for reading glasses, and the perfectly aligned cells start to misalign and cause cloudiness. A cloudy lens that does not focus well is called a cataract.

Cataracts are a major cause of vision loss in individuals over 40 and are one of the most prevalent eye conditions in America. Cataracts tend to develop slowly, so if they are found early, board-certified ophthalmologist Dr. Aaron Waite may be able to offer nonsurgical treatment options. For more advanced cataracts, cataract surgery may be recommended. If you have concerns about cloudy vision or other cataract symptoms, schedule an appointment at Waite Vision in Lehi, UT for a consultation.

Symptoms

A cataract is the clouding of a normally clear lens in your eye. Though painless, cataracts can obscure your vision by restricting the amount of light that enters your eye. While cataracts may begin to form in your 40s or 50s, they typically don't create any noticeable symptoms until after age 60. This is when your vision becomes progressively blurry and may not be improved with glasses or contacts. In addition to blurry or hazy sight, symptoms of cataracts can also include unusual glare or poor night vision. Cataracts can also change how your eyes perceive colors as a brownish tint is added to your vision. If you notice any of these symptoms, it's important to schedule an eye exam at Waite Vision.

Causes

The lens of the eye is made of water and protein. With age, the proteins tend to clump together and form cataracts that cloud the lens. While the development of cataracts occurs naturally with age, there are some factors that may speed the development of cataracts. These include a family history of cataracts, degenerative myopia (nearsightedness), eye injuries, and having eye surgery. Other medical conditions that are linked to cataracts are diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Lifestyle factors that may increase your risk of cataracts are smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and frequent exposure to UV (ultraviolet) rays.

If you have symptoms or are at high risk for cataracts, Dr. Waite may recommend diagnostic tests in addition to your eye exam. Cataracts may be diagnosed with a slit-lamp microscope, a retinal exam where your pupils are dilated, as well as refraction and visual acuity tests. Tonometry is another tool Dr. Waite may use to measure the pressure inside your eye. This will allow our team to diagnose cataracts, determine the type, and decide which treatment options are best for your condition.

Treatment Options

Once you have been diagnosed with cataracts, Dr. Waite will be able to discuss your treatment options based on your specific condition and needs. In the early stages of cataracts, you may only need to start wearing eyeglasses or get an updated prescription to improve your vision. However, if you have trouble driving, reading, or getting around, you may consider cataract surgery. Cataract surgery and refractive cataract surgery remove the clouded lens and replace it with an intraocular lens (IOL) that is customized to your needs.

Cloudy to Clear Eyes

Cataract surgery can now add years of clear vision to a person’s life. If you have been told you have cataracts, come into Waite Vision for an evaluation with Dr. Aaron Waite, and let’s discuss how cataract surgery in Lehi, Utah, can change your life. Contact us at 801-876-6000, or click the “request a consultation” button to set up your appointment.

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